Although this research was conducted in the United States, but it seems not much different from the situation of children in Indonesia, where children consume too much sugar in the diet every day.
When your child starts to get solid food, need nutrients such as calcium and other nutrients often do not meet the needs of the body, especially coupled with the high sugar should be consumed.
This high sugar consumption in the long term, will cause great risk for heart disease, obesity and tooth decay. Moreover, poor food habits received since childhood, will continue to be carried into adulthood.
Research in America through data collected from children’s food survey conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), in 1990. This survey is a detailed look at what’s consumed more than 5,400 children aged 2-5 years old for two days, mainly to see how much added sugar in the diet of children, as well as the presentation of food in the process.
In addition, see also the main source of food that gets added sugar such as cookies, candy, ice cream, fruit juice and soft drinks. But the natural sugars such as fructose in fruit, and galactose in milk, are not included in the additional sugar.
The result, for children aged 2-3 years on average consume extra sugar as much as 14 teaspoons per day, with the largest number is 23 teaspoons. For children aged 4-5 years, 17 teaspoons, 26 tablespoons largest tea. Sugar reached 25% of total daily calories to 11% of children 2-3 year olds and 12% of children aged 4-5 years.
Children who consume the most sugar will consume other nutrients at least, such as grains, vegetables, fruits and milk. And other calories derived from protein and fat will be very less, low fiber and many other nutrients are not sufficient. Even children who consumed the least amount of sugar too, less than 10% of calories, often do not get enough calcium.
How big is the amount of sugar is good for children? According to the USDA, recommends 6-10% of daily calories, according to the WHO are preferably less than 10% of daily calories.