In infants aged 0 to 4 months, there are some immunizations that need to be given in stages, namely BCG, Polio and Hepatitis B.
Can be explained one by one, when immunization is given? And what are the benefits?
BCG immunization usually given a few days after the baby is born or after.
to have immunity against tuberculosis
Given by injection under the arm
At 4 to 8 weeks later, there will be a small abscess which then dries and leaves a mark scarring.
This immunization has been introduced in infants aged three months, then proceed to the next interval of one month.
To gain immunity against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus.
Injected in the arm or thigh baby.
Child became feverish, restless and fussy. But usually doctors equip certain drugs to address these complaints.
Regular polio immunization is given in stages ranging in age from infants three months and then resumed after a lapse of one month.
To prevent Poliomyelitis disease that can cause paralysis of the legs.
Administered orally by swallowing the oral polio vaccine medication.
This immunization can be given at birth or afterwards.
To prevent hepatitis B disease hitherto undiscovered medicinal healing. And if this disease is left could be a trigger cancer. The immunization should be repeated at regular intervals according to the state or the doctor’s instructions.
Can pass passive way, ie by providing rich material antibodies, and can also be a way off, namely by stimulating the body to produce its own antibodies against Hepatitis B.
Why immunization needs to be repeated?
The immunization should be repeated in a certain period of time to strengthen the immunity in the body begin to decrease. But when the mother failed to perform repeated immunization, she did not need to do any more basic immunization.
What is the influence of breastfeeding on immunization, particularly polio immunization?
Polio immunization is generally administered orally, and often she came on the small breastfeeding so she get immunizations. ASI does have a neutralizing agent to the polio vaccine immunization resulted in reduced results, but these substances only in milk produced in the first and second week after birth, the rest of breastfeeding did not bring any influence to immunization. Moreover, given the new polio immunization in infants aged 3 months.
So, will there still be a need immunizations given to your baby? Of course! For example, measles, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, MMR (measles / measles, mumps / mumps, rubella / German measles), but the gift is done after the age of your child is a little big.