Hemp as a crop of the most famous in the history of man, no doubt have experienced various forms of news that is not objective and tend to be negative. From the standpoint of human health, plant Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) is a plant that has had a long history in the medical literature of the ancient world cultures.
1. Book “Pen T’sao Ching” is the first book of herbal medicine in the world. Collected from records Emperor Shen Nung in 2900-2700’s BC (BC), the book states that marijuana has properties eliminate menstruation, malaria, rheumatism, pregnancy disorders, digestive disorders, and diseases of forgotten.
2. Tablet (rock fragments) were found in the ruins of the library of Ashurbanipal in Kouyunjik science is a collection of relics of civilization in the fertile Mesopotamia. King Ashurbanipal, who ruled the city of Nineveh between the years 668 to 626 BC is a symbol for the advancement of science of civilization in Mesopotamia. Pieces of stone carved with the letters spikes (cuneiform) mentions that the cannabis plant has benefits as: insecticides, sexual stimulant, curing impotence, neuralgia (nerve pain), tonic (refresher), cure kidney disease, lung blockage , seizures, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, cuts, and bruises on the skin to relieve menstrual pain.
3. Various books of medicine from India also mentions about the various healing properties of cannabis in various diseases. Book Susruta Samhita (written approximately 800-300 BC) mentions marijuana efficacious in the treatment of respiratory inflammation, diarrhea, excessive fluid production, and fever. While the book as written by Nahari Rajanirghanta Pandita in the year 300 AD, mentions the efficacy of marijuana to stimulate appetite, improve memory, and eliminate the gas in the digestive system.
In some countries this plant is classified as narcotics, although not proven that the wearer becomes an addiction, different drugs using other types of materials of synthetic or semi-synthetic and damage brain cells, the obvious danger for mankind. Among marijuana users, a variety of effects produced, particularly euphoria (feeling happy) is excessive and a loss of concentration for thought among certain users.
Negative effects in general are the users going to be lazy and brain will be slow in thinking. However, it is still controversial, because it is not fully agreed upon by certain groups that support medical marijuana and marijuana in general. Besides claimed as a pain reliever, and treatments for specific diseases (including cancer), many parties expressed a surge of creativity in thinking and in the work (especially on the artists and musicians).
Based on recent research, this (surge of creativity), are also influenced by the type of marijuana used. One type of marijuana that creativity is considered to assist in the cross modern “Cannabis indica” originating from India with “Cannabis sativa” of the West. Type these cruciferous weed that grows in Indonesia.
The resulting effect also varied for each individual. No one felt a certain class of securities that make them lazy, while there are those who become active, especially in creative thinking (not physically active as the effect produced methamphetamine). Marijuana, up until now, has never been shown to cause death or addiction. In fact, in the past regarded as extraordinary plants, where almost all the elements on them can be used for various purposes. This is very contrary to and different from the effects produced by drugs and alcohol, which causes its users to become addicted to physical torment, and even commit violence and fraud (a criminal act) to get the drugs that man-made chemicals.
In scientific research methods systematic review comparing the effectiveness of marijuana as an antiemetic drug RESULTS marijuana is effective as compared to prochlorperazine antiemetic drug, metoclopramide, chlorpromazine, thiethylperazine, haloperidol, domperidone, or alizapride, but its use is very limited dose, because the number of patients experiencing symptoms of securities psychotropic of marijuana a very dangerous such as dizziness, depression, hallucinations, paranoia, and arterial hypotension.
Greek State as one of the original locations spread milestone progress of human civilization also spawned a collection of medical knowledge. The book “Materia Medica” written by Dioscorides (1 BC) in the aftermath of Roman control of Greece became a reference book for scientists from many nations for 1500 years. In the “Materia Medica”, Dioscorides noted hemp as a fiber crop stems nice and strong to make rope, while the seeds are useful for treating ear pain and loss of sexual desire (Dioscorides 1968-3165 – p.390). In “de facultatibus alimentorum”, Claudius Galen or better known by Galen (128-201 AD) noted that the Greek community at that time consuming marijuana cookies with ingredients called cum aliis tragematis & quot for excitement in the banquet.
While as a medicine, Galen noted that the use of marijuana to relieve pain and remove gas from the digestive tract. Greek thinker named Gaius Plinius Secundus or “Pliny the Old Man” (23-79 AD) noted the usefulness of marijuana in the “Naturalis Historia” as the juice to remove worms and small binatang2 that goes into the ear, relieve abdominal pain, stiff joints heal, rheumatism and skin diseases.
Set of medical knowledge from the Greeks is then forwarded its development by the Arabs. The Arabs are a nation that has a collection of medical knowledge about marijuana with the lowest number than the other nations before the 20th century. The first record of the medical benefits of marijuana in Arabic literature emerged from the writings of physician named Ibn-Masawayh (857 M), which mentions its usefulness as an earache remedy. In the 10th century, the father of medicine Arab, Ibn Sinna or more famous in the world with Avicenna also noted the benefits of cannabis to remove gas from the stomach.
Epilepsy is a disease listed by the Arabs as a disease that can be treated with marijuana. Ibn al-Badri said on the 15th century mentions that marijuana can cure epileptic seizures in real time (Lozano, 1989).
At the beginning of the 13th century appeared the Arab world’s first ban on Islamic teachings based on the use of cannabis, precisely during the reign of the king of al-Zahir Baybars (Hamarneh, 1957). But a royal physician named Joseph ibn Apostles still insist on using it in the practice of medicine to cure headaches (Lewis et al. 1971).
Records of medical uses of marijuana exciting emerging from Arab nations are properties of tumor cure. Ibn Buklari in the 11th century mentions that the juice from the leaves of cannabis could cure ‘abscess’ in the head, Ibn-al-Baytar century later mention of the oil properties of marijuana seeds to remove a tumor that has hardened (al-awram al-Siya). Another note came from Muhammad Riza Shirwani in the 17th century the use of cannabis seeds for the treatment of tumors of the uterus (Mu’min, 1669).
The use of marijuana as a medicine spread to Europe and even to South America from the Arab countries. The Arabs were the first to introduce the European continent with one of the most important discoveries of mankind, namely paper (incidentally the raw material is fiber rods marijuana). The Arabs also become intermediaries for distributing the ancient science of the golden age of Greece and Rome, one of which is medical science or medicine. In this case, the Arabs have medicinal properties of knowledge that most marijuana plants around the world before the 20th century. Here is a list of some physicians recorded in the literature never mentions the medicinal properties of cannabis:
Ibn Masawayh (857 M) and Ishaq b. Sulayman (10th century) – hemp seed oil to cure pain in the ear.
Ibn al-Baytar (1291) – hemp seed oil to cure gas (‘Rih’) on the ears.
Al-Antaki (16th century) – hemp seed oil can kill the worms in the ear and pull out foreign objects and debris.
Al-Dima (9th century) – Cannabis drug for stomach worms.
Al-Firuzabadi (century 14-15) – Drug pinworms / habb al-QAR ‘.
Sabur Ibn Sahl (9th century) – Eliminate chronic pain, headaches, migraines, prevent miscarriage, failed delivery, reduce pain in the uterus, and keep the baby on the mother’s abdomen (the book “Al-Aqrabadhin Al-Saghir”).
Wafid Ibn al-Lajmi (11th century) – marijuana seeds to increase breast milk production and heal the sick amenorrhea.
Avicenna / Ibn Sinna (10th century) – the leaves and seeds of marijuana u / treat and dispense gas from the stomach.
Al-Biruni (12th century) – Healing of chronic pain
Al-Masi (1877) – marijuana leaves to remove gas from the uterus, intestines and stomach.
Al-Mayusi (1877) – marijuana leaves to remove phlegm from the stomach.
Ibn habal (1362) – marijuana seeds to remove bile and phlegm.
Ibn al-Baytar (1291) – Ganja to launch urinate.
Ishaq b. Sulayman (1986) – Marijuana can warm the body.
Jabir ibn Hayyan (8th century) – Cannabis has psychoactive properties (the book of al-sumuM).
Ibn Umar ibn Yusuf Apostle (13th century) – Cannabis as a headache remedy.
Ibn al-Baytar (1291 AH) – hemp seed oil to reduce nerve pain.
Al-Qazwini (1849) – Juice of marijuana to alleviate the pain in inflammation of the eyeball.
Tibbnama (1712) – The collision stems and leaves of cannabis to treat hemorrhoids.
Al-Masi (10th century) – Cannabis for the treatment of epilepsy.
Al-Badri (1464) – Cannabis to treat epilepsy.
Abu Mansur ibn Muwaffak (10th century) – Cannabis to treat headaches (Kitab al-abniya ‘an al-adwiya haqa’iq).
Avicenna (1294) – The juice of the leaves of marijuana for medicinal phlegm in the skin.
Al-Razi – marijuana leaf juice to stimulate hair growth.
Ibn Buklari (11th century) – marijuana leaf juice to cure abscess (tumor) in the head.
Muhammad Riza Shirwani (17th century) – hemp seed oil to treat tumors in the uterus.
Various notes from Saudi medical experts are still baffle modern medicine. Surprising because many of the properties mentioned above marijuana has not even been confirmed or proven by medical science today, but its efficacy has been proven and trusted by scientists from the Arabs.
In November 1996 the California approved proposition 215, an initiative that could, make marijuana available as a medicine legally in the United States for the first time after many years. Under the new law, patients or their primary caregivers who possess or cultivate marijuana for medical treatment that has been recommended by a physician will be acquitted of all criminal charges. The treatment can be reserved for “cancer, anorexia, AIDS, chronic pain, spasticity, glaucoma, arthritis, migraine, or any other disease that can be cured by marijuana.” Doctors should not be punished in any way because it makes recommendations that can be written and oral. The passage of such a law is just the beginning of a trend that will present new challenges for physicians, who will be asked to take early responsibility that many of us are not ready. A growing number of patients who approach them with questions about marijuana, they must provide answers and make recommendations. That means that they not only have to listen more carefully to their patients but also to educate themselves and others. They must learn the symptoms and disorders which can be treated with marijuana better than conventional treatment, and they may need to explain how to use marijuana.