Diarrheal disease is one disease that commonly affects infants and toddlers. What is diarrhea? What should be done? What are the causes of diarrhea? Could this diarrhea be prevented? And how should the treatment of diarrhea?
What is diarrhea?
If your baby or your child experiences a sudden change in bowel movements than usual, either the frequency or amount of waste water to be frequently in and out in a liquid consistency, then the condition is called diarrhea.
A newborn baby will generally defecate up to more than ten times a day, and the baby will have a bigger water waste time approximately 2 to 3 times a day or even just 2 times a week. In other words, you have to know what is normal for your child from their bowel habits.
Cause of diarrhea:
Virus (most common cause of diarrhea, and generally due to rotavirus). Symptoms: diarrhea-water stools (watery), foaming, no blood mucus, and sour smelling.
GE (stomach flu) virus ever since.
Bacteria. Symptoms: diarrhea with blood or mucus and abdominal pain. Require antibiotics as a therapeutic treatment.
Parasites (giardiasis). Symptoms: blood and mucus stools, abdominal pain. Require antiparasitic.
Child is being treated with antibiotic usage. If diarrhea occurs while the child is under antibiotic treatment, then you should call your doctor.
Milk allergy. Diarrhea usually occur a few minutes or a few hours after the consumption of milk. Generally occurs in children who are allergic to cow’s milk or products made from cow’s milk.
Infection from bacteria or viruses that accompany other diseases, such as urinary tract infections, ear infections, measles, and others.
Symptoms of acute diarrhea (diarrhea sudden):
Causes of acute diarrhea (diarrhea sudden) the most common is due to a virus. Symptoms are shat-shat water (watery), foaming, no blood or mucus, and sour smelling. Diarrheal disease transmission is contact with infected feces directly, such as:
Foods and beverages that have been contaminated, either already contaminated by insects or contamination from dirty hands.
Playing with toys that are contaminated, especially infants often put his hand into his mouth or anything because the virus can persist in the air for several days.
Use of contaminated water sources or water to cook properly.
Laundering and the use of clean milk bottles.
Do not wash their hands thoroughly after defecation or cleaning feces of infected children, thus contaminating the tools are held.
Treatment of diarrhea
Because the most common cause of acute diarrhea is a virus, there is no treatment that can cure. Diarrhea usually resolves itself after a few days. Diarrhea treatment is intended to treat existing symptoms and prevent dehydration. Acute diarrhea can be cured only by continuing the provision of food or drink and enough fluids. Remember, treatment of diarrhea is not giving medication to stop the diarrhea because diarrhea itself is a defense mechanism the body to remove contamination of food from the intestines.
Prevention of diarrhea:
Continue breastfeeding (breast milk)
Note the cleanliness and balanced nutrition for the provision of complementary feeding after the baby is 4 months old.
Because direct contact transmission of feces through the hands or insects, then keep clean by making handwashing habits for the entire family.